Ann Anat. Jul; doi: / Epub Apr 3. Medical Students’ Assessment of Eduard Pernkopf’s Atlas: Topographical. The following biography is mainly based on the article “The History of Eduard Pernkopf’s Topographische Anatomie des Menschen” (see bibliography) by David. A University of Vienna investigation determined in that Eduard Pernkopf’s anatomy department used bodies of executed prisoners from the Gestapo and.

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Eduard Pernkopf – Wikipedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. On the other hand, “There can be no doubt that Pernkopf, as head of the Anatomy Institute, was instrumental in pernkoof procurement pernmopf the bodies of the victims of Nazi terror for dissection, and ultimately, for the creation of his Atlas,” argues Pieter Carstens, a professor of public law at the University of Pretoria [17]. They continued working in the small space Hoff gave them. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

After Hitler’s invasion of Edusrd inthe Anschluss, he was instated as dean of the medical school. Lehrbuch der Krankenpflegeschulen, volume 4. The abilities of the young physician were noted by Ferdinand Hochstetterdirector of the anatomical institute in Vienna, who soon became a father figure for Pernkopf.

Eduard Pernkopf was the son of a practicing physician and the youngest of three children. We thank Franz Felberbauer for information submitted.

Eduard Pernkopf’s atlas of anatomy or: the fiction of “pure science”.

Although never charged with war crimes, Pernkopf spent three years in an Allied prison camp near Salzburg after the war. When he travels to New York which is oftenhe stops by and we have lunch.


Here he was active in a nationalistic German student fraternity, Die akademische Burschenschaft Allemania, founded in As he attained his full professorship he was offered a contract to expand it into a publishable book, and he eagerly accepted. In he returned to Vienna to work as one of Hochstetter’s assistants, lecturing to first- and pernkpf students about the peripheral nervous and cardiovascular systems.

In he was promoted again, becoming dean of the eruard school. Since little translation was necessary, this was the version of the atlas which medical students and physicians elsewhere in the world came to know and revere. In his first official speech in his new capacity, Pernkopf issued the following charge to his faculty in words that clearly predict pernko;f euthanasia and eventual Holocaust: How can something so beautiful at the same time be so utterly despicable?

With the exception of Lepier, ineligible for service because of his severe varicose veinsall the artists entered military service. This is the question faced by many doctors and scientists.

Case Western Reserve University. The only deviation from this high level of realism was the use of color, where Pernkopf instructed them to use brighter hues than those found in real cadavers so that a reader would better learn to recognize and distinguish key anatomical landmarks.

Pernkopf began his atlas in Retrieved 27 July An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. Some readers have wondered if the bodies shown in cutaway may have been Jewish inmates at concentration camps[13] since they appear gaunt and have shaved heads or close-cropped haircuts.

He was also an ardent Nazi. As a student he had worked under Ferdinand Hochstetter, director of the university’s anatomy institute. Questions have been raised recently about the propriety of using an atlas created by a Nazi and illustrated by dissections of cadavers whose identities are unknown, but who could have been victims of Nazi political terror. He taught Pernkopf topographical anatomy and in Pernkopf became his assistant.


A few years later, the publisher brought out a condensed two-volume set with all the color plates, removing most of Pernkopf’s explanatory text and, later, airbrushing out the Nazi symbols Lepier and the others added to their signatures.

Medical Students’ Assessment of Eduard Pernkopf’s Atlas: Topographical Anatomy of Man.

They were joined by two new painters. Pernkopf was a fervent believer in National Socialism. Lepier nevertheless volunteered as an air raid wardenas did Batke when he returned home after being wounded and receiving the Iron Cross on the Eastern front.

This resulted in the establishment of the Senatorial Project of the University of Vienna “Studies in Anatomical Science in Vienna from to ” [11] in Since then physicians have discussed whether it is ethical to use the atlas as it resulted from Nazi medical research.

They should “[promote] those whose heredity is more valuable and whose biological constitution due to heredity gives the promise of healthy offspring [and prevent] offspring to those who are racially inferior and of those who do not belong. What is an eponym?