Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten was a German philosopher. He was a brother to theologian Siegmund Jakob Baumgarten. For scholars of Kant, the German Enlightenment and the history of metaphysics, Alexander Baumgarten’s Metaphysics is an essential.

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Such a judgment of taste he saw as based on feelings of pleasure or displeasure. English translation of Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten’s “Metaphysics” from the Latin “Metaphysica” Baumgarten’s Metaphysics has had an incalculable impact upon modern philosophy, not only through his student G. A skilled poet has a sense of what stylistic devises are responsible for such force, and so appears to have a grasp on some set of rules, yet these rules appear to be rather unlike rules of logic or conceptual analysis.

Notes on this Translation.

A History of Philosophyvol. Account Options Sign in. The current state of debate makes this a timely contribution that will help anyone interested in Kant to gauge in a more accurate and historically informed fashion the extent of his relation to his eighteenth-century German predecessors.

The philosophical context of the Metaphysics 3. Baumgarten described this sort of clarity as ‘extensive clarity,’ and coined the term ‘aesthetics’ to describe the bqumgarten project of delineating those rules that are responsible for giving extensive clarity to sensible objects. This meant that the process of philosophy, in a sense, mtaphysica in opposition to sensation and perception such a view contrasts sharply with the metaphilosophical views of such empiricists as Locke and Hume.

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten – New World Encyclopedia

Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. Baumgarten identified himself as a Wolffian, and much of his work amounts to alternative presentations of Wolff’s philosophy.


Alexander Baumgartenan influential German philosopher preceding Immanuel Kant, is remembered mainly as a founder of modern aesthetics. In addition to highlighting Baumgarten’s own contributions to philosophy during this period, their translation will help scholars understand the relationship between the Leibnizian—Wolffian philosophy and Kant’s philosophy more critically.

Please note that we currently support the following browsers: Theories of Art and Society, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Alexander Baumgarten No preview available – To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats. The internal disjunctive predicates of a being Chapter III.

By trying to develop an idea of good and bad taste, he also in turn generated philosophical debate around this new meaning of aesthetics. Yet his manual on metaphysics was one of the chief textbooks of philosophical instruction in latter 18th-Century Germany.

Together, Courtney Fugate and I are bringing out the first comprehensive translation of this influential text, clearly indicating the German variants and expansions, but using the Latin as the base text.

Metaphysica Alexandri Gottlieb Baumgarten …

FugateJohn Hymers. Yet his manual on metaphysics was one of the chief textbooks of philosophical instruction in latter 18th-Century Germany. While Baumgarten saw himself as only a modest developer of the Wolffian system, and none of his particular views are particularly noteworthy, he nevertheless played an important role in the progression of German philosophy from Leibniz and Wolff to Kant and the later German Idealists. Originally published in Latin, Kant used the Metaphysics for nearly four decades as baumgaften basis for lectures on metaphysics, anthropology and religion.

The word had been used differently since the time of the ancient Greeks to mean the ability to receive stimulation from one or more of the five bodily mdtaphysica. Cosmology Prologomena Chapter I. Kant, who used Baumgarten’s metaphysics textbook as a teacher for most of his university career, entitled the first substantial portion of his Critique of Pure Reason as the ‘Transcendental Aesthetic. The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here:.


Whatever the limitations of Baumgarten’s theory of aesthetics, Frederick Copleston credits him with playing a formative role in German aesthetics, extending Christian Wolff ‘s philosophy to topics that Wolff did not consider, and demonstrating the existence of a legitimate topic for philosophical analysis that could not be reduced to abstract logical analysis.

Common terms and phrases 2ff.: Introduction to the Translation Introduction 1. This lucid translation finally makes Baumgarten’s seminal work available in English.


Retrieved from ” https: For, as far baumgartdn their principal sources are concerned, those supposed rules or criteria are merely empirical. Available for the first time in English, this critical translation draws from the original seven Latin editions and Georg Friedrich Meier’s 18th-century German translation.

Kant composed many of the preparatory sketches for the Critique of Pure Reason in the blank interleaved pages of his personal copy. There was a problem with your submission. Kant used it repeatedly in many of his courses and annotated it extensively.

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Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten – Wikipedia

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Ontology Prologomena Chapter I. Thank You for Your Contribution!