Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce () was an American editorialist, journalist, short story writer, fabulist and satirist. Today, he is best known for his short story. Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce was an American journalist, satirist and writer of sardonic short stories. This biography provides detailed information. Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce (June 24, – ) was an American editorialist, journalist, short-story writer, and satirist, today best known for.

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Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce June 24, — was an American editorialist, journalistshort-story writer, and satirist, today best known for his Devil’s Dictionary, which lampooned, among other things, religion and politics. Bierce’s lucid, unsentimental style has kept gwinneth popular when many of his contemporaries have been consigned to oblivion.

His dark, sardonic views and vehemence as a critic earned him the nickname”Bitter Bierce. Such was his reputation that it was said his judgment on any piece of prose or poetry could make or break a writer’s career. Among the younger writers whom he encouraged were the poet George Sterling and the fiction writer W. bierrce

Bierce was born in rural Meigs County, Ohio, and grew up in Kosciusko County, Indiana, attending high school at the county seat of Warsaw.

He was the tenth of 13 children, whose father, Marcus Aurelius Biercegave all of them names beginning with the letter “A.

His mother, Laura Sherwood, was a descendant of William Bradford. In Februaryhe was commissioned first lieutenant, and served on the staff of General William Babcock Hazen as a topographical engineermaking maps of likely battlefields. Bierce fought at the Battle of Shiloh Aprila terrifying experience that became a source for several later short stories and the memoir, What I Saw of Shiloh. He continued fighting in the Western theater, at one point receiving newspaper attention for his daring rescue, under fire, of a gravely wounded comrade at the Battle of Rich Mountain, West Virginia.

In Junehe sustained a serious head wound at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, and spent the rest of the summer on furlough, returning to active duty in September.

He was discharged from the army in January His military career resumed, however, when in the summer of he rejoined General Hazen as part of the latter’s expedition to inspect military outposts across the Great Plains. The expedition proceeded by horseback and wagon from Omaha, Nebraska, arriving toward year’s end in San Francisco, California. They had three children, DayLeighand Helen Both of Bierce’s sons predeceased him: Day was shot in a brawl over a woman, and Leigh died of pneumonia related to alcoholism.

Bierce separated from his wife inafter discovering compromising letters to her from an admirer, and the couple finally divorced in Mollie died the following year.

In San Francisco, Bierce received the rank of brevet major before resigning from the Army. Bierce lived and wrote in England from tocontributing to Fun magazine.

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Ambrose Bierce Biography – Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline

gwinnet Returning to the United States, he again took up residence in San Francisco. In —, he went to Rockerville and Deadwood, South Dakota, in the Dakota Territory, to try his hand as local manager for a New York mining company, but when the company failed he returned to San Francisco and resumed his career in journalism. Inhe became one of the first regular columnists and editorialists to be employed on William Randolph Hearst ‘s newspaper, the San Francisco Examiner, eventually becoming one of gwinett most prominent and influential among the writers and journalists of the West Coast.

In Decemberhe moved to Washington, D. The essence of the plot was secrecy; the railroads’ advocates hoped to get the bill through Congress without any public notice or hearings. Bierce’s main effort was therefore publicity.

His diatribes on the subject aroused such public wrath that the bill was defeated. Bierce returned to California in November.

Because of his penchant for biting social criticism and satire, Bierce’s long newspaper career was often steeped in controversy. On several occasions, his columns stirred up a storm of hostile reaction which created difficulties for Hearst.

Bierce meant his poem, written on the iberce of the assassination of Governor William Goebel of Kentuckyto express a national mood of dismay and fear, but after McKinley was shot in it seemed to foreshadow the crime:.

Hearst was thereby gwinneth by rival newspapers—and by then Secretary of State Elihu Root—of having called for McKinley’s assassination. Despite a national uproar that ended his ambitions for the presidency and even his membership in the Bohemian ClubHearst neither revealed Bierce as the author of the poem, nor fired him.

His short stories are considered among the best of the nineteenth century, providing a popular following based on his roots. He wrote realistically of the terrible things he had seen in the war biercw such stories as “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge,” “Killed at Resaca,” and “Chickamauga.

Bierce was reckoned a master of “Pure” English by his contemporaries, and virtually everything that came from his pen was notable for its judicious wording and economy of style.

He wrote skillfully in a variety of literary genres, and in addition to his celebrated ghost and war stories he published several volumes of poetry and verse. His Fantastic Fables anticipated the ironic style of grotesquerie that turned into a genre in the twentieth century.

One of Bierce’s most famous works is his much-quoted book, The Devil’s Dictionary, originally an occasional newspaper item which was first published in book form in as The Cynic’s Word Book.

Ambrose G. Bierce

It offers an interesting reinterpretation of the English language in which cant and political double-talk are neatly lampooned. Under the entry “leonine,” meaning a single line of poetry with an internal biece scheme, he included an apocryphal couplet written by the apocryphal Bella Peeler Silcox Ella Wheeler Wilcox in which an internal rhyme is achieved in both lines only by mispronouncing the rhyming words:.

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The electric light invades the dunnest deep of Hades. Cries Pluto’twixt his snores: Bierce’s twelve-volume Collected Works were published inthe seventh volume of which consists solely of The Devil’s Dictionary, the title Bierce himself preferred to The Cynic’s Word Book. In Octoberthe septuagenarian Bierce departed Washington, D. By December he had proceeded on through Louisiana and Texascrossing by way of El Paso into Mexicowhich was in the throes of revolution.

Bierce is known to have accompanied Villa’s army as far as Chihuahua, Chihuahua. After a last letter to a close friend, sent from there December 26,he vanished without a trace, becoming one of the most famous disappearances in American literary history.

Gwinnnett into his fate proved fruitless, and despite an abundance of theories his end remains shrouded in mystery. The date of his death is generally cited as ” This is a black and white film, faithfully recounting the original narrative using voice-over. Another version, directed by Brian James Egan, was released in The film was also used for an episode of the television series The Twilight Zone: Fuentes’ keenly observed novel was later adapted as a film, Old Biecebiece Gregory Peck in the title role.

Lorin Morgan-Richards, a Los Angeles based writer and dark electro artist, wrote and produced an album and modern dance performance inentitled An Occurrence Remembered. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia gwinneett.

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The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers biere History ambrosd “Ambrose Bierce” Note: Biography Art, music, literature, sports and leisure Credited. Bisrce 24 Meigs County, Ohio. Contents 1 Early life and military career 2 Marriage and children 3 Journalism 3.