A Nation in Making: Being the Reminiscences of Fifty Years of Public Life. Front Cover. Sir Surendranath Banerjea. Oxford University Press, – India – Sir Surendranath Banerjee (Bengali: সুরেন্দ্রনাথ বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়) (10 November – 6 Banerjee was soon dismissed for making a minor judicial error. and he went on to write the widely acclaimed A Nation in Making, published in In the end, Banerjea lost his job by committing a serious judicial mistake. Sir Surendranath Banerjea (), a foremost political leader of Bengal, dedicated his life to opposing colonialism through moderate but.

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Father and son, we parted for ever — I on my long journey onwards in that strenuous life beset with the strangest vicissi- tudes, and he back to the old home and to my sorrowing mother, to console her as best he could.

I discarded his revolutionary teachings as unsuited to the circumstances of India and as fatal to its normal develop- ment, along the lines of peaceful and orderly progress ; but I inculcated, with all the emphasis that I could command, the enduring lessons of his noble life, lived for the sake of others, his lofty patriotism, his self-abnegation, and his heroic devotion to the interests of humanity.

For some of its most distinguished mem- bers, such as the Maharaja Narendra Krishna, Babu Kristo Das Pal, and others, attended the inaugural meeting of the new Associa- tion, and encouraged its formation by their presence.

He received me with the utmost kind- ness, and our friendly relations continued, notwithstanding differences of opinion, which the Congress movement subse- quently gave rise to.

Among Englishmen his age would be only fifteen. It renders political events of late 19th and early 20th century Bengal in magnificent detail.

The only substantial sum that we obtained was from the Maharani Swarnamoyee. My case excited very strong feeling in the Indian community, and the general belief amongst my countrymen was that, if I were not an Indian, I would not have been put to all this trouble, and that the head and front of my offence was that I had entered the sacred preserves of the Indian Civil Banerjae, which so far had been jealously guarded against invasion by the children of the soil.

Surendranath Banerjea

I had known him sinceand for surendranarh years we were united by ties of the closest friendship. Page 90 – English rulers in the administration of their own aurendranath affairs ; and glad and surenranath should I be if, during my sojourn amongst them, circumstances permitted me to extend and to place upon a wider and more logical footing the political status which was so wisely given a generation ago by that great statesman, Lord Halifax, to such Indian gentlemen as by their influence, their acquirements, and the confidence they inspired in their fellow-countrymen, were marked out as useful adjuncts to our Legislative I was invited to join the tutorial staff of the City School for it had not then become a college.


The regulations for the Surendranah Competitive Examination for the Civil Service of India then in force required that a candidate should be above nineteen, and below twenty-one, years of age. Before I leave this part of my Reminiscences, relating to my school and college life, it may not perhaps be out of place to refer to a lesson which I learnt then and which I have practised through life with great advantage to myself.

Surendranath Banerjee

For, I fear, ignorance is too often the mother of prejudice, and closer knowledge hardly ever fails to dissipate misunderstanding and establish good relations. The pioneers were Hindus and belonged The City College was founded in The THbune rapidly became a powerful organ of public opinion ; it is now perhaps the most influential Indian journal in the Punjab, and is edited by a gentleman who in his early career was associated with me as a member of the staff of the Bengalee, But it is not the natioj gift that the Sirdar gave to the Punjab.

I started for Bombay in the winter of A visit to England, however, was a new form of heterodoxy to which our society had not yet become accustomed! Their position was difficult ; and their anxieties great.

It would be lamentable that it should go forth to India that he had been, after all, defeated upon such a point as this, and without the least foundation for it. There was one other public movement that marked the period of my student life and which deserves a passing reference.

Sutherland, and then between the Government and myself ; and to me it was a real relief when it was all over and I knew where I stood. It was a ih English middle-class home, and it impressed me with the clean, orderly, methodical lives of the English middle- class.

They will no doubt deny the charge or repudiate the credit ; but they certainly sow the seeds which, in the fulness of time, ensure the enthronement of popular opinion and the triumph of popular causes.

After graduation from college, he applied in England for admission to the Indian Civil Service, which at that time had only one Hindu. After Surendranath died at Barrackpore on 6 August I surendranatu that it was one of the first great demonstrations of the Indian Association and of the middle class party in Bengal, and that, if it were to be postponed, it would never again be held.


Surendranath Banerjea | Making Britain

Contact our editors with your feedback. It was Sir Stafford Northcote afterwards Banerjeaa Iddesleigh who founded the State scholarships for the encouragement of Indian students seeking to complete their education in England.

After a successful career at the University of Calcutta, this gentleman, in the face of immense difficulties, had come over to this country to compete with Englishmen in examinations upon English subjects conducted in the English language, and he had succeeded. My career in school and college and in the University was fairly distinguished. The people would lose faith in us, and it would mean the begin- ning of the end.

My father was by no means orthodox in his ways, and his trans- gressions against strict orthodoxy were numerous and grave ; but a visit to England was not one of them. Thus, in our home, the two conflicting forces of those times met, but in no spirit of an tagonismThe predominant banetjea, however, was that of orthodoxy, represented by my grandfather, for the authority of the head of the family, even in matters of belief, was still paramount.

At a crowded public meeting of all sections of the Indian community held at Lahore, w Calcutta Resolutions and X on the Civil Service natiob were adopted. That is our reading of the situation.

When the Montagu report of was made public, there was a divide in the Congress over it. Their work lies buried in the forgotten columns of contemporary newspapers. Banerjea makign the matter to court and eventually won his case in The inaugural meeting was marked by an incident that deserves a passing notice.

Born in the district of Mymensingh he was one year senior to mehe passed the Matriculation Examination maling the Mymensingh Zilla School with great dis- tinction, standing sixth In the University list in order of merit.

As an advocate he hardly had an q at the Lahore Bar. The empire of the teacher is an ever-endur- ing empire, which extends over the future.